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  1. Photographing Your Children: A Handbook of Style and Instruction
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  3. Which Digital Camera Should You Buy?
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As teachers and advocates of the earliest learners we have a vital role in preparing children for 21st century learning. All sites have received a top rating of five 5 Stars. Regulations for licensing related to staffing, programming, and environment are renewed annually.

Photographing Your Children: A Handbook of Style and Instruction

Vermont Child Care Licensing Regulations are posted and available at each school site. If there are questions or concerns, parents are encouraged to:. Classrooms at each site are supported by service providers as needed. Enrolling in preschool at any of these specific school sites does not guarantee kindergarten placement at that school.

Our preschool classrooms are taught by licensed teachers who create rich, developmentally-appropriate curriculum designed to meet the needs of all learners in our diverse Burlington community. These meals are served family style and meet federal nutritional guidelines. Special dietary requirements or allergies can be discussed with your classroom teacher and a plan will be developed. You and your child have a right to privacy. No staff or volunteer shall share information about your child or family without your prior written permission.

You have unlimited access to your child during the school day. We encourage families to bring their children to school each day. Transportation may also be available to students who live more than. However, since these classrooms are Federally funded through the PreK Expansion Grant, children in these classrooms may access transportation. In order to make the bus service most effective, good communication between school and home is essential.

To accomplish this, the following procedures are recommended:.

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Staff working with children are mandated reporters of child abuse and neglect which may include, but is not limited to, physical, sexual, emotional, and domestic violence and unmet basic needs. Staff are required to report to the Child Abuse Hotline when they reasonably suspect abuse or neglect of a child. This report must be made within twenty-four 24 hours of the time information regarding the suspected abuse or neglect was first received or observed.

You know your child best!

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A student cannot start school if their immunization information is incomplete or there is no plan for having it completed. Up to date immunization information must be authorized by the school nurse. Please keep your child home and consult with your physician if your child has:. Keeping your child home when they display these symptoms is best for them and helps prevent the spread of illness to others. If your child displays any of the above symptoms while at school you will be contacted immediately and be expected to pick up your child as soon as possible.

It is vital that teachers are able to contact you in case your child displays any symptoms of illness. Most families whose children require medication are able to give it to their child at home. There are occasional times when medication may have to be given during school hours. A written order from the prescribing health care provider is required. The medication must be in the original, labeled container. Each one can be several megabytes millions of characters in size. To get around this, digital cameras, computers, and other digital gadgets use a technique called compression.

Compression is a mathematical trick that involves squeezing digital photos so they can be stored with fewer numbers and less memory. JPG is known as a "lossy" compression because, when photographs are squeezed this way, some information is lost and can never be restored. High-resolution JPGs use lots of memory space and look very clear; low resolution JPGs use much less space and look more blurred. You can find out more about compression in our article on MP3 players.

Most digital cameras have settings that let you take pictures at higher or lower resolutions. If you select high-resolution, the camera can store fewer images on its memory card —but they are much better quality. Opt for low-resolution and you will get more images, but the quality won't be as good. Low-resolution images are stored with greater compression. There is a way to turn photos from an ordinary film camera into digital photos—by scanning them.

belgacar.com/components/ecoute-telephonique/logiciel-espion-pour-galaxy-s4.php A scanner is a piece of computer equipment that looks like a small photocopier but works like a digital camera. When you put your photos in a scanner, a light scans across them, turning them into strings of pixels and thus into digital images you can see on your computer. Ever wondered what's inside a digital camera? What takes the photo? Where's it stored? What makes the flash work? And how do all these bits connect together?

When you take electronic gadgets apart, they're much harder to understand than ordinary machines things that work through a clear physical mechanism : you can't always see which part does which job or how. Even so, it can be quite illuminating to peer into your favorite gadgets to see what's hiding inside. I don't recommend you try this at home: opening things up is the quickest way to invalidate your warranty; it's also a good way to ensure they'll never work again!

Photo: The parts in a basic digital camera.

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  • Were it not for the LCD screen and batteries the two biggest components , you could probably make a camera like this as small as a postage stamp! Another important part, not shown here, is the LCD display that shows you the photos you've taken. It's mounted on the back of the electronic circuit board so you can't see it in this photo. There are effectively four different kinds of digital cameras. The simplest, known as point-and-shoot , have a lens to capture light which may or may not zoom , an image sensor to turn the pattern of light into digital form, and an LCD screen round the back for viewing your photos.

    At the opposite end of the spectrum, DSLR Digital Single Lens Reflex cameras look like traditional, professional film cameras and have a moving, hinged mirror inside that lets you view the exact picture you're going to shoot through the lens for an explanation of how SLR works, see our article on film cameras. The most recent innovation, mirrorless digital cameras, are a sort of hybrid of these two designs: they abandon the hinged mirror system in favor of a higher-resolution LCD viewfinder mounted nearer to the image sensor, which makes them smaller, lighter, faster, and quieter.

    Finally, there are smartphone cameras , which resemble point-and-shoot models but lack features like an optical zoom. From what I've said so far, you can see that digital cameras are great things—if you're comparing them to old-style film cameras, that is. Thanks to their superb, cutting-edge image sensors, there's really no good reason other than a nostalgic preference for analog technology to use film. You might be forgiven for thinking sales of digital cameras would be rocketing as a result, but you'd be wrong. Over the last few years, digital cameras have seen double-digit falls in sales in parallel with the massive rise of smartphones and tablets which now sell more than 1.

    Check out a photo-sharing site like Flickr and you'll find the most popular "cameras" are actually phones: in September , at the time I'm updating this article, Flickr's top five cameras are all iPhones. Is there a good reason to own a standalone digital camera anymore or can you now do everything with a camera phone?

    Photo: The pros and cons of digital cameras and smartphones summarized in three photos. Even point-and-shoot digital cameras like my old Canon Ixus have bigger, better, telescopic lenses top and sensors compared to the ones in the best smartphone cameras, like my new LG middle. But smartphones undoubtedly score on connectivity and they have bigger, better, and clearer screens bottom. Here you can see my smartphone's huge screen pictured in a preview photo on the Canon's tiny screen. Step back a decade and there was no comparison at all between the rough and clunky snapshot cameras on cellphones and even the most mediocre compact digital cameras.

    Which Digital Camera Should You Buy?

    While the digitals were boasting ever-increasing numbers of megapixels, cellphones took crude snaps little better than the ones you could get from a basic webcam 1 megapixel or less was common. Now all that's changed. My new LG smartphone comes in at 13 megapixels, which theoretically, at least sounds like it must be twice as good. But wait! Generally, the bigger the sensor, the better the pictures.

    What do those numbers actually mean? Sensor measurements are based on needlessly confusing math that I'm not going to explain here, and you'll have take it on trust that both of these cameras have tiny sensors, about half the size of a pinkie nail measuring less than 5mm in each direction , though the Canon sensor is significantly bigger. The Digital Ixus, though eight years older than the LG smartphone, and with apparently half as many "megapixels," has a significantly bigger sensor chip and one that's likely to outperform the LG, especially in lower light conditions.

    The Canon also scores with a much better, telescopic lens technically rated 5. But I have to upload my photos to a computer to get a sense of how good or bad they are because the Canon only has a tiny 6cm 2. The LG is over twice as good on the diagonal screen dimension, with a 14cm 5. I might not be able to take better photos with the LG, but at least I can instantly assess and appreciate them on a screen as good as an HD TV albeit still pocket-sized. Bear in mind that my Canon is just a point-and-shoot compact, so this is not really a fair comparison between what you can achieve with a really good digital camera and a really good smartphone.

    My LG is right up at the better end of smartphone cameras, but the Ixus isn't anywhere near as good as the best digital cameras. A professional DSLR would have a much bigger sensor than a smartphone—up to 3. It would also have a bigger and better screen and better interchangeable lenses. Of course, where smartphone cameras really score is in the "smartphone" department: they're computers, in essence, that are pop-in-the-pocket portable and always online.

    So not only are you more likely to capture chance photos because you're always carrying a camera , but you can instantly upload your snaps to the aptly-named Instagram, Facebook, or Twitter. And that's the real reason why smartphone cameras have surpassed old-school digitals: photography itself has changed from the digital-equivalent of the 19th-century Daguerreotype itself a throwback to the portrait paintings of old to something more off-the-cuff, immediate, and, of course, social.

    For the purposes of Facebook or Twitter, often viewed on small-screen mobile devices, you don't need more than a couple of megapixels, at most.

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    Prove it yourself by downloading a hi-res image from Instagram or Flickr, and you'll find it's seldom more than a couple of hundred kilobytes in size and megapixels or less in each dimension, making less than one megapixel in total. Even on better photo-sharing websites like Instagram and Flickr, most people will never be browsing your photos in multi-megapixel dimensions: they simply wouldn't fit on the screen.

    So even if your smartphone doesn't have masses of megapixels, it doesn't really matter: most people flicking through your photos on their smartphones won't notice—or care. Now it's absolutely the case that photos taken with a top-notch Canon or Nikon DSLR will beat, hands down, snapshots from even the best smartphones—but that's often because it's not a like-for-like comparison. Often, we're comparing good amateur photos taken with smartphones to brilliant professional photos taken with DSLRs.

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    How much of what we're seeing is the camera Sometimes it's hard to separate the two things. Professionals can achieve amazing results with smartphones—but so can amateurs, with a bit of extra help. One of the drawbacks of smartphone cameras is the lack of manual control generally even less than with a basic compact digital camera.

    You can get around that, to a certain extent, by using add-on apps that give you much more control over fiddly, old-school settings like ISO, aperture, shutter speed, and white balance. Search your favorite app store for keywords like "professional photography" or "manual photography". You can also add snap-on lenses to smartphones to get around the drawbacks of a fixed-focal-length lens though there's nothing you can do about the tiny, poorer-quality image sensor.

    Once your photos are safely snapped, there are plenty of photo-editing apps for smartphones as well, including a slimmed-down, free version of PhotoShop, which can help you retouch your amateur "sow's ears" into professional "silk purses. Since many people now own a smartphone, the real question is whether you need a digital camera as well. It's very hard to see an argument for point-and-shoot compacts anymore: for social-media snaps, most of us can get by with our phones. For this website, I take a lot of macro photos—close-ups of circuits and mechanical parts—with my Ixus that I couldn't possibly capture with the LG, so I won't be jumping ship anytime soon.

    If you want to take professional quality photos, there's really no comparison between smartphones and DSLRs. A top-notch DSLR has a better-quality image sensor up to 50 times bigger in area than the one in a smartphone and a much better lens: these two fundamentally important things make the "raw" image from a DSLR far better. Add in all those fiddly manual controls you have on a DSLR and you'll be able to capture a far greater range of photos across a far wider range of lighting conditions. If you really care about the quality of your photos, instant-uploading to sharing sites might be a less important consideration: you'll want to view your photos on a big monitor, retouch them, and only share them when you're happy.

    Having said that, you can now buy hybrid digital cameras with built-in Wi-Fi that offer similar instant-sharing convenience to smartphones. And, of course, there's nothing to stop you carrying a smartphone and a DSLR if you really want the best of both worlds! Artwork: The original digital camera, invented in the s by Steven Sasson, worked a bit like an old-style camcorder and needed a separate playback monitor. First top , you took your photos with the camera blue , which used a CCD to record them onto a magnetic tape red.

    How digital cameras work

    Later bottom , when you got back home, you took out the tape, inserted it into a computer orange , and viewed the pictures you'd taken on a computer monitor or TV green. Lloyd, Steven J. All rights reserved. Full copyright notice and terms of use. Please rate or give feedback on this page and I will make a donation to WaterAid. Woodford, Chris. Digital cameras. Inside a digital camera Ever wondered what's inside a digital camera?

    The main parts of a digital camera Photo: The parts in a basic digital camera. I've opened up the camera in our top photo—and these are the parts I've found inside: Battery compartment : This camera takes two 1. Flash capacitor : The capacitor charges up for several seconds to store enough energy to fire the flash. Flash lamp : Operated by the capacitor. It takes a fair bit of energy to fire a xenon flash like this, which is why a lot of indoor flash photography quickly uses up your batteries. LED : A small red LED light-emitting diode indicates when the self-timer is operating, so you can take photos of yourself more easily.

    Lens : The lens catches light from the object you're photographing and focuses it on the CCD. Focusing mechanism : This camera has a simple switch-operated focus that toggles the lens between two positions for taking either close-ups or distant shots. You can't actually see the chip in this photo, because it's directly underneath the lens.

    But you can see what it looks like in our article on webcams. To your computer, your camera looks like just another memory device like a hard drive. SD secure digital card slot : You can slide a flash memory card in here for storing more photos. The camera has a very small internal memory that will store photos too.

    Processor chip : The camera's main digital "brain". This controls all the camera's functions. It's an example of an integrated circuit. Wrist connector : The strap that keeps the camera securely tied to your wrist attaches here. Top case : Simply screws on top of the bottom case shown here. Mirror, mirror? How do digital cameras compare with smartphone cameras?